Oct. 13, 2021 — With all of the lockdowns and social distancing of the pandemic, individuals have had a variety of time to themselves over the previous yr and a half. Whereas some could have stuffed their time with bread baking or lengthy walks, others could have felt that they had an excessive amount of time to themselves, an excessive amount of time to assume.
These experiences got here with extra depression and anxiety, which might be linked to the identical brain community that’s thought to assist a meandering thoughts, known as the default mode community.
Scientists on this community wished to grasp how wandering ideas can lead some individuals to a state of brooding by which the identical unfavorable ideas resurface repeatedly. To realize some perception into these patterns, they recorded greater than 2,000 ideas spoken aloud by 78 examine members who did nothing however let their minds wander for 10 minutes.
Senior researcher Jessica Andrews‐Hanna, PhD, an assistant professor of psychology on the College of Arizona in Tucson, and her colleagues hoped that analyzing these stream-of-consciousness ideas may yield insights into how individuals turn into caught in unfavorable psychological spirals.
They discovered that almost all members thought concerning the current or future in phrases that have been neither notably unfavorable nor optimistic. Virtually three-quarters of the ideas have been centered inward on the particular person or have been imaginative.
Negativity Breeds Negativity
However the investigators discovered an attention-grabbing sample with unfavorable ideas. The extra unfavorable somebody’s ideas turned, the extra probably that their subsequent concept could be associated to their earlier one. In different phrases, unfavorable ideas created a series response of extra unfavorable ideas.
Optimistic ideas, in distinction, tended to be adopted by fully unrelated ruminations, indicating true psychological meandering. The sample recommended that negativity tends to slim the vary of ideas, whereas positivity tends to develop it in periods by which the thoughts wanders.
The researchers additionally discovered — maybe unsurprisingly — that unfavorable ideas that have been centered on the self and on the previous have been extra more likely to end in brooding, whereas optimistic ideas have been much less more likely to come up.
It’s necessary to notice that almost all examine members have been younger and educated and will have solely mentioned issues that they have been snug with the researchers listening to. And since the authors did not ask members about their moods, the investigators couldn’t affiliate particular patterns of thought with any mental health circumstances.
Though the findings, published in Scientific Reviews, don’t on their very own level to options for depression or anxiety, they might provide a place to begin for future analysis into how unfavorable trains of ideas start — and maybe methods to derail them.